When setting up a Raspberry Pi, you first need to write an OS onto an SD Card so your device has something to boot from.
# Operating System
To get your Pi up and running, first download an OS. For beginners I suggest Raspbian. Its a Debian based OS maintained by the Raspberry Pi Foundation.
There is unfortunately no official support for Ubuntu Server for the Raspberry Pi 4 yet, but of course the community has made some progress already:
Once you have your
.iso downloaded, fire up a terminal window and find out which device your USB Stick is:
NAME MAJ:MIN RM SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
sdb 7:0 0 15,9G 1 disk
sda 8:0 0 1,8T 0 disk
├─sda1 8:1 0 485,6G 0 part
├─sda2 8:2 0 1K 0 part
├─sda3 8:3 0 489,1G 0 part
├─sda4 8:4 0 442,4G 0 part /mnt/sda4
├─sda5 8:5 0 305,6G 0 part
└─sda6 8:6 0 140,3G 0 part /
As you can see from the above output, I have a device named
sdb which is ~16gb. This is my USB Stick.
Therefore we can run
dd, colloquially known as ‘disk destroyer’ because if you’re not careful you can just write over your entire active OS partition and completely fuck your system.
sudo dd if=2019-07-10-raspbian-buster-lite of=/dev/sdb status=progress
A quick break down of the arguments:
if= input file
of= output file
status=progress= required for showing output status as it writes the image
Finally, once you have your USB Stick written, it will most likely mount the two new partitions automatically. You should see a
You can now add two small files to enable the SSH Server on boot, and connect to the wifi network of your choosing. This way you never have to plug in a monitor / keyboard / mouse / etc. Simply insert the microSD card, give the thing power, and then find it on your network and ssh in!
P.S. the default credentials on a Raspbian installation are:
Create an empty file named
ssh without an extension in the root of the
Also in the root of the
Create a file named
wpa_supplicant.conf with the following contents: